14 Jan Moth vine
Garden escapee that smothers shrubs and small trees, depressing their growth. Weed of wasteland and forests adjoining settlement, mainly in coastal higher rainfall areas.
Origin: Southern Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay
Habit: Twining perennial climber reaching up to 6 m on supporting vegetation. Milky latex exuded from damaged stems and leaves
Leaves: Opposite, oblong to triangular, 3–11 cm long, 1–6 cm wide, dark green above, grey-green below.
Flowers: Fragrant, tubular, 0.8–1.4 cm long, 5-lobed, 5-stamens, white to pale pink in groups of 2–5. Flowers late spring to autumn.
Fruit: Grey-green choko shaped pod, turning brown and woody with age, opening to release numerous black seeds aprox 4 mm long each possessing a tuft of white silky hairs that aid its spread by wind.
Roots: Shallow and fibrous.
Dispersal: Seeds spread by wind, water and contaminated soil (earthmoving equipment, car tyres etc)
Control: Hand pull/Dig, Scrape and Paint, skirting, foliar spray for seedlings.