14 Jan Pampas Lily of the Valley
Pampas Lily grows in full shade or sun, sand or wetlands, and tolerates long dry periods. It grows rapidly and can completely smother other vegetation. Once established, the plant is difficult to remove.
Origin: South America
Habit: A scrambling or climbing perennial herb.
Leaves: Oval shaped leaves are unequal in size, shortly hairy, with leaf stalks about the same length as the leaf blades.
Flowers: Bell-shaped whitish flowers 6 - 8mm long, form at the leaf axils.
Fruit: Smooth yellow berry when ripe, containing about twenty brown to pale yellow flattened seeds. The plant has a thick, woody, extensive mostly horizontal root system, which can be up to 1 metre deep.
Roots: Extensive horizontal woody root system (up to 1 m depth)
Dispersal: Reproduces from seed and root segments, which are spread by birds and machinery.
Control: Seedlings can be removed by hand. Mature plants have horizontal roots up to 3m long and 1m deep. They can be removed by persistent digging over several seasons. Fruit should be cut and bagged. Permits to use chemicals are being sought.