Ground Covers

Blue Perrywinkle

Vinca major

Garden escapee. Mats of this species smother other ground vegetation and prevent growth of shrubs and trees. Grows best in fertile soil and well in shade.
  • Family Apocynaceae
  • Origin Central and southern Europe and northern Africa
  • Habit Spreading perennial herb to 50cm high with stems that root at nodes and sometimes at tips Lacks milky latex that is common with its family.
  • Leaves Opposite, ovate, 1.5-9cm long, 1.5-4.5cm wide, glossy green above, paler below; on leaf stalk 0.5-1.5cm long
  • Flowers Violet-blue to mauve, 3-6cm wide, tubular with 5 spreading lobes 1.3-2.5cm long, stamens attached to inside of tube and within tube. Flowers mostly late Winter to late Summer.
  • Fruit Produced in pairs joined at the base, membranous, cylindrical 3.5-5cm long, about 0.4cm wide. Seeds flat, hairless, 7-8mm long, 1-10 per fruit.
  • Roots Fibrous. Stems root at nodes and sometimes at tips.
  • Dispersal Seed is apparently rarely produced in Australia. Mainly spread by humans via garden refuse dumping.
  • Control Hand Dig, bagging all plant parts and removing from site. Foliar spray.

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